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Michael Oykhman

Conditional Sentence Orders (CSO) in Canada

What is a Conditional Sentence Order (CSO)? A Conditional Sentence Order (CSO), commonly known as house arrest, is a jail sentence that the judge allows to be served in the community. A CSO is considered a “last hope” sentence before significant jail time is imposed. The maximum sentence that can be imposed under a CSO is 24 months. During this time, you can expect ...

Jail Sentences in Canada

Jail Sentences—A Sentence of Last Resort This page provides a general overview of jail sentences. For information relevant to your location or to discuss your case, please contact our experienced criminal defence team. Section 718.2(e) of the Criminal Code of Canada (the “Code”) requires that imprisonment be a sentence of last resort. This means that all other available sanctions must be considered prior ...

Discharges in Canada

What is a Discharge? This page provides a general overview of criminal discharges in Canada. For location-specific information, please select the location nearest you from the drop-down menu or contact one of our dedicated defence lawyers. A discharge is the best possible sentence you can receive short of a resolution, whereby your charges are diverted out of the criminal justice system. This means that ...

Fines for Criminal Charges in Canada

What is a Fine? The penalties for criminal charges vary greatly depending on the type of offence committed and circumstances of the offender. One possible penalty you may receive is the requirement to pay the government a specified amount of money (a fine). This may be the sole penalty you receive, or it may be imposed in addition to another penalty, such as ...

Criminal Sentencing in Canada

What is Criminal Sentencing? Criminal sentencing occurs after you enter a guilty plea or after the judge or jury has found you guilty of a criminal offence. During the sentencing process, the judge hears from the Crown Prosecutor and the defence as to what the appropriate sentence should be, and why. In assessing the positions put forward by the Crown and defence, the ...

Probation/Suspended Sentences in Canada

What is Probation/A Suspended Sentence? Following a guilty verdict, the court may decide to put off imposing a sentence, and instead, release the offender on a probation order for a set period of time. This means that the released individual will have a specified list of conditions which they will be required to comply with during that time. They will also be assigned ...

Criminal Trials in Canada

What is a Criminal Trial? While 90% of criminal cases in Canada are resolved prior to trial by way of a guilty plea, trials are still a common and critical part of our criminal justice system. A trial is a formal court process by which a judge or jury determines your legal guilt or innocence. If you are found guilty at trial, a ...

Mental Health Diversion in Canada

What is Mental Health Diversion? Disclaimer: Mental health diversion can vary significantly by province. For location specific information, please select the location nearest you and consult the mental health diversion page. Alternatively, contact one of our dedicated criminal defence lawyers in your area. In any given year, approximately 1 in 5 Canadians will experience a mental health problem or ...

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